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Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar that is a source of fuel. People with Type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but they either do not produce enough or the cells of the body are resistant to the absorption of insulin, and glucose remains in the bloodstream.

While many cases of type 2 diabetes may be controlled, it is the leading cause of diabetes-related complications such as blindness, lower leg amputations, and chronic kidney failure. There is no cure for diabetes. People with diabetes should diligently manage their disease to stay as healthy as possible and reduce the risk of medical complications.

Type 2 diabetes most frequently develops in people who are over 40 years old and overweight, although it can occur in people who are not overweight. People with type 2 diabetes must manage their condition with weight control, diet, exercise, and medication. They may use insulin or an oral medication that helps their body make the most of their own insulin.

Some research has shown that type 2 diabetes is most likely to occur when poor health habits (lack of exercise, high calorie diets, and obesity) combine with an underlying genetic risk for the disease.

Major risk factors for type 2 diabetes include, but are not limited to:

  • High blood pressure or hypertension
  • High cholesterol
  • History of gestational diabetes or delivering a baby with a birth weight of over 9 pounds
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Age greater than 45 years
  • Weight greater than 120% of desirable body weight
  • Family history of type 2 diabetes in a first-degree relative

Most people with pre-diabetes do not have any symptoms. Symptoms of diabetes may include increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, or extreme tiredness, but many times people will not experience symptoms.

If you suspect that you may have diabetes, it is time to visit a Baymeadows Healthcare physician in Jacksonville, Florida. Please call us today at (904) 636-5400 or schedule an appointment online.